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Animals Testing

Issues related to animal experimentation are frequently discussed these days, particularly in the media. It is often said that animals should not be used in testing because it is cruel and unnecessary. This essay will examine the arguments for and against animal testing.

On the one hand, the people who support these experiments say that we must do tests on animals. For instance, many famous lifesaving drugs were invented in this way, and animal experiments may help us to find more cures in the future. Indeed, possibly even a cure for cancer and AIDS. Furthermore, the animals which are used are not usually wild but are bred especially for experiments. Therefore, they believe it is not true that animal experiments are responsible for reducing the number of wild animals on the planet.

On the other hand, others feel that there are good arguments against this. First and foremost, animal experiments are unkind and cause animals a lot of pain. In addition, they feel that many tests are not really important, and in fact animals are not only used to test new medicines but also new cosmetics, which could be tested on humans instead. Another issue is that sometimes an experiment on animals gives us the wrong result because animals’ bodies are not exactly the same as our own. As a consequence, this testing may not be providing the safety that its proponents claim.

In conclusion, I am of the opinion, on balance, that the benefits do not outweigh the disadvantages, and testing on animals should not continue. Although it may improve the lives of humans, it is not fair that animals should suffer in order to achieve this.

Attitude Of Youngsters

Changing times evolves an environment which often results in novel situations and experiences. The larger the period the wider are the changes in environment and hence the rift in the ideas and attitudes between generations. The reason for the differences will be discussed further in this essay and analyze the problems associated using personal experience.
In most societies, generation gaps effect the views even on insignificant issues. In the information age, the youth have better access to information and hence more open to world wide cultures. However, the older generation cocoon within the framework of local societal norms and live with age-old belief systems. The outlook of an informed youth, mental inputs from social media alters belief systems increasing a youth’s tolerance to other cultures. This often leads to opinion clashes and the youngsters view the parents or grandparent’s views as orthodox.
An example of this contrast can be analyzed on an economic scale. Today, new generation children live in a capitalistic society while the older generations lived in a socialist environment. A 6-year Ryan (reviews toys on YouTube) made $11 million this year, a classical example of how a millennial is converting technological knowledge to a financial opportunity. Further, the youth today network and travel globally and gain expertise on global level. These kinds of opportunities did not exist for the older generations, they were less rich, hardly travelled and believed in working hard. However, the new generation thrive on working smart and learning endlessly.
In conclusion, the differences are bound to exist between generations as environments continuously evolves. The capitalistic environment has created young, successful entrepreneurs but hard work (old generation belief) is essential to sustain growth surge and hence a balance of both is crucial to last in the race till the end.

Sports!

A country is known by its subjects, the people who reside in that country. There are, of course, other parameters as well, like the economy of the country, the Gross Domestic Product, the average income earned per person, to name a few. However, these other parameters ultimately are dependent on the available resources with such country. There are countries on this globe which have a handful of resources, but a judicious approach in utilising and exploiting these limited resources makes a country being either looked upon or looked down or even ignored in certain cases. Due to this, one of the many factors, the government of a country must try to divert its resources (read monetary resources) towards building a healthy nation by investing and nurturing the health of its inhabitants.

There are two schools of thoughts whose views vary from one another. One of the schools is of the view that the available monetary resources must be diverted towards enhancing the skills of a few of the top athletes, which the country adorns. The view of the other school, however, is skewed on the other side which believes that the financial resources, at the disposal of a country, must be directed towards making available better facilities to the general public, at large. According to the other school, the impetus must be towards extending benefits to a large base of the population rather than restricting the flow of benefit to a privileged class.

Though the importance of exploiting the talent of top athletes, who are few in numbers, cannot be ignored, as they do bring the charm, glory, laurel and fame to their parent country by winning sports competition, albeit, at the cost of public, at large. As a matter of fact, the opinion of one of the schools of thoughts was vouched for, in one of the articles of the weekly magazine, The XAW. The magazine depicted the amount spent for promoting sports by investing the taxpayer’s money, on a few top sports person. The data clearly revealed and drew a picture that clearly did show the exorbitant amount so spent. It can be safely said that these are not mere speculations of an armchair dreamer but are the bare truth revealed by the statistics.

Thus, it can be candidly and, with evidence, concluded that the government must divert their economic resources towards providing general facilities, which are mandatory, to the population, which has a large base, rather than investing money on a few top athletes. It, however, does not diminish the value of sports because sports is one of the activities which provide health to anyone who pursues it and of course health, for everyone is dearer than the fine opals, more precious than the emeralds!

Culture

If we talk about culture, one of the main things that comes to mind are the beliefs and ideas a person is raised with. That person goes out, meets people and exchanges not only one but many cultural and intellectual aspects of life.

These days many people from different regions of the world relocate to even different regions of the same world. Some think of it as a personal adventure while some have to move because this is the path they have chosen for them. In both the cases, they are bound to see, hear and adapt into a whole new experience. They carry with them some specific ideologies of life that define or differentiates them. At the same time, one has to constantly go through many changes that may look alien to their cultural outlook.

Working or living abroad has both positive and negative sides to it. The dice may roll to any side when it comes to the impacts it might have on us. Every person is different from every other person. Some might take this cultural difference as an adventure and adapt it while some might find it difficult to persistently cope up with. The former moves ahead and passes on that knowledge gaining some additional information and life lessons. The latter on the other hand end up either moving back to his/her home country or living with the new life that is there. While keeping up with the global development, many diverse cultural lifestyles can give a mutual boost to both the sharing parties.

We see different rules and regulations in the same work areas in different countries or regions. For example, in many Asian film industries, each team would be having snacks and tea at different spots depending upon their levels in the crew. While on the other side of the globe, every single person from the crew stands in the same queue and get their work done at the same time.

There are many cultural differences around the world that can make or break a person. It all depends on the individual’s very own personal vantage point of looking at things. That will eventually prove whether it is helping them or just making them think over their respective relocation.

Recycling

Waste recycling and people’s participation in it is a moot issue and a lot of arguments could be observed among people as well as in the media regarding whether people should spontaneously take part in recycling process or the government should make it a legal obligation. Government should impose laws and severely fine the violation of it to ensure proper waste recycling.

First, waste recycling is done by the state and citizens are expected to properly divide the recyclable and non-recyclable wastages and pack them accordingly while dumping them in recycle bins. They are expected to cooperate greatly in the recycling process. However, it is a strange fact that many people do not participate in it spontaneously either from their negligence or from their lack of time to do so.

Moreover, it is a harsh truth that people in many cases abide by a rule only from the concern of punishment or fine, not from their conscience. For instance, when the penalty for traffic rule violation went up, people started following them in my city. Similarly, if laws are introduced and the authority starts penalising, more people would recycle more of their waste products.

Furthermore, waste recycling is a very handy process to save our environment and we already have many rules to protect our environment. While deforesting is a severe crime in my country, there is no visible law for not recycling the waste. This is why people are very careless about their waste production and this has created a throwaway society in our country. This is why proper laws are required.

In conclusion, most of the citizens in our country already know about the importance of saving the environment and how individual efforts of recycling can improve environmental conditions. Since many of them still do not participate in waste recycling, there is no alternative than to impose laws to have this done.

Widening Roads: A Way To Control Traffic

Inhabitants of planet earth are faced with numerous challenges in the form of overpopulation, traffic congestions, pollution and so on. Metropolitan and other growing cities not only offers basic necessities and luxurious lifestyle but they do come up with their own challenges and one such is traffic congestion. Though widening of roads to overcome this issue is laudable but to some extent.

Proponents of this view point say that widening streets and expressways will help them to increase the number of lanes which in turn can cater more traffic. This strategy will surely help to reduce congestion, but usually, streets and highways are running at their maximum width and widening them either by narrowing the islands or reducing the pedestrian tracks would not be possible. In many cases, this strategy doesn’t always work as the building and shops are already located at the edge of the road. For instance, Zaib-Un-Nisa street in sadder, Karachi is already at its maximum width and the only solution to this problem is to allow the traffic to flow in one direction on the entire street.

However, there are many alternate approaches which can be implemented to tackle this problem. We can easily reduce traffic blackening on streets by charging the motorists more during rush hours, car parking should not be allowed on busy roads and overhead pedestrian bridges should be constructed to regulate the traffic flow. We can also use the lane-divider technique like the one used in Malaysia, where one lane of the opposite track is included in the congested track to regulate the flow in busy hours. Moreover, office workers should be encouraged to use car pooling services. Furthermore, people should be motivated to use mass transit system like the subways and the metros.

To recapitulate, the aforementioned provides plausible alternate solutions to reduce traffic jams and have highlighted some factors that can limit the extension of road widths. Widening of roads will not work always and we should look into using alternate approaches like the ones mentioned above.

Youngsters Managing Finances!

Many young people are leaving school without a basic and vital understanding of how personal finances ought to be managed in the adult world. This lack of knowledge is due to a lack of life experience and limited education which can be solved in two simple ways.

One main reason why so many young people are unable to manage their own finances upon finishing high school is that they have been living along with their parents for free. As a result, they have never needed to earn a salary or save their money in order to pay bills. Another cause is that schools do not factor personal financial management into their curriculum. Schools focus instead on classic subjects, such as maths, geography, history and languages, which means important life skills are not being taught. Both teachers and parents are failing to prepare young people for the real world.

There are two options for solving young people’s inability to manage personal finances. Firstly, parents should spend some time with their children teaching them how money is earned, budgeted and used for either savings or expenses. One simple step could be for parents to start teaching young children how to manage their pocket money and as, their child grows up, expand into more serious household expenses. Secondly, schools should incorporate life skills into their curriculum for final year students. In this way, children will be able to learn in a supportive environment how their finances need to be budgeted and managed to avoid debt problems later in life.

In conclusion, young people lack financial management skills due to the negligence of parents and schools, which can only be solved if both take more responsibility for equipping school leavers with the right skills.

Increased Use Of Cameras In Public Places

It is true that video surveillance has become common in many cities in recent years. While I understand that critics may see this as an invasion of privacy, I believe that the benefits do outweigh the drawbacks.

There are two main reasons why people might disapprove of the use of video cameras in public places. The first objection is that these cameras invade our privacy, in the sense that we are constantly being watched by the authorities or by private security firms. Many people find this intrusive and feel that the recording of their movements is a form of state control that curtails their individual freedom. The second argument against the proliferation of CCTV cameras is that they are being used as an alternative to police officers patrolling the streets. If this is indeed happening, then it is unlikely that members of the public will feel safer.

In spite of the drawbacks mentioned above, I believe that the use of video cameras to monitor public areas is a positive measure. The key objective of video surveillance is to deter criminals and to prevent crime. For example, petty criminals like shoplifters and pickpockets are less likely to operate in parts of cities where they know that they are being watched. At the same time, when crimes are committed, the police can use video evidence to catch and prosecute offenders. Therefore, in my view, video cameras offer valuable support to police officers, and they make cities safer for inhabitants, workers and visitors alike.

In conclusion, it seems to me that we gain more than we lose from the enhanced security that CCTV cameras bring to our cities.

Conversation With A Stranger On A Journey.

Humans cannot live alone and hence the society has emerged as a large institution to keep people united. But it is impossible always to get familiar with all the people of the society. A few days ago, I had a conversation with an unknown person and it was highly interesting.

I was travelling to Mumbai, and suddenly noticed that a young English woman of almost my age was sitting beside me. I was reading a thriller and coincidentally the lady was also reading the same thriller. Meanwhile, she also noticed me and started talking about the book that we were reading. I also participated in the discussion with her eagerly. Gradually I came to know that she is a wise woman and knows more about the writer of the book than me. I was reading the book for passing the time on the train. When I do not have anything to do in such cases, I read novels for passing the time. This is a habit for me but I found that reading novels was a fascination for the lady. We discussed different issues of the entire thriller series.

Gradually I introduced myself and came to know about her. Her name was Jessica Bill. She was a teacher of English in a local elementary school. She lives alone in Mumbai and her family was in England. The school authority had hired for a three-year contract to teach British English at the school. She is a fan of thrillers and also told me that she has a huge collection of thrillers written by different renowned writers. She loves to read. I also expressed myself to her.

The conversation between us took place inside the train. As a female, I took my seat on a corner, designated for females, and Jessica also sat by me on the same row. The train was less crowded as it was noon and everyone was busy with their respective works.  We discussed numerous issues during the journey. We got down at the same station and her residence was a few minutes’ walk from there. We exchanged our telephone numbers and social network identity to remain in touch.

I am an introvert in nature, and accordingly, I do not prefer to talk with unknown people in most of the cases unless there are any emergencies raised. But the scenario was completely different here. Jessica was unknown to me and the issue was also similar for her. She was the lady with a cheerful mind and made the first move to talk to me. So, a sense of friendship grew between us. We shared our views and ideas about the world. She is living alone here and so I invited her to be at my place in Mumbai on her weekends where she will get an entertaining environment. The conversation was interesting for both of us. We laughed out loud while discussing the comical events of the movies made based on the thriller- James Bond. In fact, being an introvert, the number of my friends is limited but when I met Jessica, she behaved like a good friend to me. I was highly amazed at her ability to meet someone so fast and make them feel comfortable with her. She could do this only because of her extrovert nature and her outgoing attitude has made her company comfy for everyone and even talking with her is also interesting.

Wasting Money On Exploring Space!

There is an argument that exploring space is a waste of money and that there are more urgent needs to be addressed on earth, such as reducing poverty and preventing environmental destruction. However, I completely disagree with this opinion for two reasons.

First of all, many of the technologies we take for granted today were originated thanks to space research. Take satellite technology, for example, which we depend on for broadcasting and weather forecasting. Without satellites, we would not be able to follow global events as they happen, nor give populations any warning of approaching storms. Space research has also led to the development of new lightweight materials that offer us heat protection and enable food preservation. Therefore, the challenge of sending human beings into space has often driven the development of new technologies that benefit our everyday lives.

Secondly, we cannot foresee the distant future, so we ought to develop the capability to escape from the earth. Gradually, we are learning how humans can survive for long periods in space and even travel to other planets in the future. If space exploration is halted, this valuable knowledge will never be acquired. It is true that environmental destruction is also a serious issue, but it is also true that we remain dependent on our environment if we never accept the challenge of exploring other worlds.

In conclusion, while we undoubtedly face serious problems on our own planet, it is imperative that we continue to explore space. This will promote further technological advances as well as provide a possible means of escape should earth become uninhabitable in future. Ideally, all nations should cooperate in the advancement of space research.